In this specific article you are taught by me how exactly to write a CAE proposal – what’s important, what is not.

How exactly to write a CAE essay/letter/report/proposal

I rate a student’s Writing part 1 Essay, give suggestions on then how to rewrite it. Can it is taken by us from a B to an A?

I also made a video about writing essays – start to see the section below.

Our Videos about CAE Writing

A Skype speak to Marina in Italy – we discuss just how to plan the essay to some extent 1 of the CAE test that is writing. I emphasise the importance of planning, and my theory that you should not only plan your paragraphs, but also which structures you are going to use and which vocabulary fits the subject.

In this video I put myself in my own students’ shoes and try to write a CAE Writing Part 1 essay. Watch when I destroy my keyboard that is poor while an essay. Laugh when I fail to type your message ‘government’ 7 times away from 8. Cringe when I am rudely interrupted.


Grammar Mistakes

Most CAE students don’t make obvious, basic mistakes like your/you’re or its/it’s. However they do have trouble with such things as:

Relative clauses

You will need to learn the essential difference between defining and non-defining clauses that are relative. Your non-defining clauses need commas, while your defining clauses shouldn’t have commas.

I experienced lunch with my grandfather, who is 90 years of age. (the half that is second of sentence tells you more about my grandfather. It really is bonus information, generally there has got to be a comma.)

I had lunch with my buddy who lives in Prague. (i will be very cool and popular – I have lots of friends. I had lunch with my friend’ you don’t know which friend I mean if I say. And so the ‘who lives in Prague’ clause offers you information that is essential. Therefore, no comma!)

Remember that pronouns that are non-defining be changed to ‘that’, so you should never write a comma followed by ‘that’. (this can be especially a problem for German speakers because in German you HAVE to use a comma before ‘that’.)

Gerund infinitive that is vs

Gerund means the form that is-ing of verb. This really is a part that is tricky of because there are no rules and you have to learn every verb 1 by 1. English! Argh! Anyway, make sure these structures are known by you:

I used to live in China (= I lived in China).

I’m used to hearing German (= hearing German is normal for me).

I look forward to meeting you.

I stopped smoking (= I quit).

I stopped to smoke (= I stopped the things I was doing because I wanted to possess a cigarette).

I suggest buying new computer equipment. (Suggest and advise will also be followed by gerunds.)

I recommend you buy new computer equipment.


So very hard! So many prepositions! So many mistakes! Just learn up to you can easily and don’t forget, every student that is single has ever taken the CAE exam has struggled with prepositions. You are not alone!


I will move to Zurich if I get the job. (The speaker is confident.)

I would move to Zurich if I got the job. (The speaker is not confident.)

I would have moved to Zurich if I had got the job. (But the speaker didn’t get the job and did not proceed to Zurich.)

Other Mistakes

Not risks that are taking

Plenty of students always write the same, safe, things they always write. To understand advanced vocabulary and structures you have to use advanced vocabulary and structures!

Being boring

It really is hard adequate to produce a piece that is well-structured of with good vocabulary that fits this content. But understand that the examiners read hundreds and hundreds of essays and most of those are particularly boring! If you make yours interesting (though the style, unexpectedly good vocabulary, maybe even a tale or two) the examiners will be VERY happy and will also be REWARDED.


Students often ask if I offer a writing correction service. Well. to be honest i am not to motivated to accomplish this right now. You should find a teacher on italki instead. Click the link to read about italki. (Watch the video with David to listen to more info on writing correction.)

Q – Do i need to use spelling that is british?

A – No, it doesn’t matter. However, if you utilize American spelling, be consistent through your writing.

Q – How important is spelling and punctuation?

A – It really is pretty important – it won’t be a big deal if you make a trivial mistake. Then you will lose points if the mistake stops the reader from understanding what you mean.

Q – How important is the expressed word count? What happens if I write too many words?

A – The word count is a guide, not a rule. But you will write about 220-260 words if you do the task properly. Then you’ve probably written lots of stuff you don’t need if you write 300 words. If you write 200 words you might have forgotten something.

DO NOT waste time when you look at the exam counting exactly how many words you’ve got written! And never add or remove words simply because associated with expressed word count – it will come out clumsy and weird.

All that said, if you’re practicing for the writing section, i suggest you stick to the suggested word count.

Note that the computer-based exam will automatically count exactly does work how many words you are using. Handy! See this article to find out more in regards to the computer-based CAE exam.

Q – i am aware i must use complex sentences to get a grade that is good but I’m focused on making mistakes. Could it be simpler to have a text that is simple no mistakes?

A – Cambridge says that students who make mistakes while wanting to use structures that are complex get credit for trying (as long as the mistake does not stop your reader from understanding).

Q – My handwriting is terrible! No-one can read it! Will I lose points?

A – No. Your handwriting is not very important. Just make sure it can be read. Also, you don’t have to rewrite your text (and you also don’t have time for you to rewrite it) – whether or not it’s got a lot of bits crossed out, don’t worry. Every student’s writing looks the exact same!

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